LONG-TERM PLAYER DEVELOPMENT

INITIATION
NOVICE
ATOM
PEEWEE
BANTAM/MIDGET
GOALTENDERS
PoE
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Long-Term Player Development (LTPD)

 

The Long-Term Player Development model sets out a vision for hockey in Canada that takes advantage of the history and culture of the game to increase participation and to lay the foundations of international success long into the future.

 

This model for hockey has been developed based on the following principles:

  • Doing the right thing for the player at the right stage in their development.

  • Adopting a player-centered approach and not treating the development of all players the same way.

  • The broader the foundation of players the more successful the game of hockey will be in Canada.

  • Viewing player development as a long-term process

  • Aligning player development resources (skills manuals, DVDs) with coach development and education resources so that coaches are doing the right things at the right time

  • A need to better educate parents on the hockey development of their child – it is okay for parents to want their kids to get to the highest levels but they need to know the best way to go about it

  • Parents, coaches and administrators are encouraged to utilize this document to work at the local minor hockey association level to develop the best program possible for the players involved.

 

LTPD is a nine-stage model based on the physical, mental, emotional and cognitive development of children and adolescents. Each stage reflects a different point in developing the player.

 

The first four stages emphasize physical literacy and a broad range of sport experiences. The next five stages focus on development and competitive excellence. Active for Life encourages life-long physical activity and informed healthy lifestyle choices with participation in hockey long after the competitive years.

Player Skill Development

Hockey Canada Player Development Pyramid was created to provide the coach with a comprehensive guideline to help develop a seasonal plan. The natural progression starting at the base of the triangle emphasizes the development of fundamental skills. Fundamental skills are the foundation of each player’s success. The pyramid should be read right-to-left.

Technical Skills are the fundamental skills that are required to play the game (e.g. skating, shooting, passing and checking).

Team Play Systems are a pattern of play in which the movement of all players is integrated in a coordinated fashion to accomplish an offensive or defensive objective (e.g. 2-1-2 forechecking system).

Team Tactics are a collective action of two or more players using technical skills and/or individual tactics in order to create an advantage or take away the advantage of an opponent (e.g. 3 vs.2).

Strategy is the selection of team play systems to impose upon the opposition, the style of play and tactics which will build on the coach’s, team’s strengths and neutralize those of the opponent while at the same time taking advantage of the opponent’s weaknesses. 

FOCUS BASED ON AGE GROUP

Coaches can determine the percentage of the time that they should focus on a certain aspect of the Player Development Pyramid in their seasonal plan by using Hockey Canada’s guide below.

 

Initiation

  • 85% Technical Skills

  • 15% Individual Tactics

Novice

  • 75% Technical Skills

  • 15% Individual Tactics

  • 10% Team Tactics

Atom

  • 50% Technical Skills

  • 20% Individual Tactics

  • 15% Team Tactics

  • 10 % Team Play

  • 5% Strategy

Peewee

  • 45% Technical Skills

  • 20% Individual Tactics

  • 15% Team Tactics

  • 10 % Team Play

  • 5% Strategy

Bantam

  • 40% Technical Skills

  • 15% Individual Tactics

  • 20% Team Tactics

  • 15 % Team Play

  • 10% Strategy

Midget

  • 35% Technical Skills

  • 20% Individual Tactics

  • 20% Team Tactics

  • 15 % Team Play

  • 10% Strategy

RESOURCES